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The Road to Become A Nurse

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How to Become a Nurse


Is Nursing Right for You?

What nurses do… (http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Healthcare/Registered-nurses.htm#tab-2)

  • Administer medication
  • Monitor patients
  • Record medical histories
  • Check vital signs
  • Explain home treatment
  • Operate medical equipment

What makes a good nurse…(inference)

  • Multitasking
  • Caring
  • Fast-learning
  • Quick-thinking
  • Patient
  • Calm
  • Motivated
  • Organized

Education (Get a Degree)

Education distribution
(http://bhpr.hrsa.gov/healthworkforce/rnsurveys/rnsurveyinitial2008.pdf pg 8)

  • Diploma of Nursing: 20.4%
  • Associate's Degree in Nursing: 45.4%
  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (or higher): 34.2%

Classes

(http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Healthcare/Registered-nurses.htm#tab-4)

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Chemistry
  • Nutrition
  • Psychology
  • Liberal Arts

Education Timeframes
  • Diploma: 12-18 months
  • Associate's: 2-3 years
  • Bachelor's: 4 years

Clinical Hours

(https://www.ncsbn.org/Educational_Programs_Entry_into_Practice.pdf pg 16-ish)

Clinical hours are required for all nursing degrees, but they vary greatly by state and by school. As much as 50% of a nurse's education may be spent in clinical classes, working hands-on with patients and experienced nurses.

Number of Nursing Degrees in US

(http://www.nln.org/researchgrants/slides/pdf/AS1112_T02.pdf)

  • Diploma: 59
  • Certificate of Practical Nursing: 1297
  • Associate's Degree in Nursing: 1084
  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing:  696
  • Bachelor of Science in Registered Nursing: 664
  • Master of Science in Nursing: 504
  • Doctorate of Nursing Practice: 447

States with Most Nursing Degrees
(http://www.nln.org/researchgrants/slides/pdf/AS1112_T02.pdf)

  • California: 366
  • New York: 271
  • Florida: 264
  • Texas: 255
  • Pennsylvania: 250

States with Cheapest Average Tuition

(for in state students in four year public colleges… http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/tuition-and-fees-sector-and-state-over-time)

  • Wyoming: $4,404 a year
  • Alaska: $5,885
  • Utah: $5,906
  • New Mexico: $5,987
  • Montana: $6,211

Licensure (Get Licensed)

"To become licensed, nurses must graduate from an approved nursing program and pass the National Council Licensure Examination, or NCLEX-RN" (http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Healthcare/Registered-nurses.htm#tab-4)

NCLEX Pass Rates for RNs in 2014
(https://www.ncsbn.org/Table_of_Pass_Rates_2014.pdf)

  • Diploma: 87.88% passed out of 594 test takers
  • Bachelor's Degree: 87.96% passed out of 16,370
  • Associate's Degree: 82.09% passed out of 21,304

Active Nursing Licenses
(https://www.ncsbn.org/14_2012_2013_NCLEXExamStats_vol61.pdf pg 21)

  • RN: 4.2 million
  • Newly licensed RNs: 281,063

Career (Get a Job)

Work Environment
(http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/registered-nurses.htm#tab-3)

  • Hospitals: 61%
  • Nursing and Residential Care Facilities: 7%
  • Doctor's Offices: 7%
  • Home Health Care Services: 6%
  • Government Agencies: 6%

Employment and Salary
( http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm)

  • 2,661,890 registered nurses in the U.S. (http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm)
  • Mean hourly wage: $33.13
  • Mean annual wage: $68,910
  • Top 10%: $46.31 an hour - $96,320 a year
  • Bottom 10%: $21.94 an hour - $45,630 a year

Employment by Industry
(http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm)

  • General Hospitals: 1,553,080 (29.64% of the hospital workforce)
  • Doctor's Offices: 178,810
  • Home Health: 166,910
  • Specialty Hospitals: 54,650 (22.84% of hospital workforce)
  • Outpatient Care Centers: 102,410 (15.24% of workforce)

Highest Paying States
(http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm)

  • California: $46.62 an hour - $96,980 a year
  • Hawaii: $41.05 an hour - $85,380 a year
  • Massachusetts: $40.25 an hour - $83,720 a year
  • Alaska: $40.21 an hour - $83,640 a year
  • Oregon - $38.67 an hour - $80,440 a year

Lowest Paying States
(http://data.bls.gov/oes/search.jsp?data_tool=OES, search one occupation for multiple geo areas…all data on http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm#st but not easy to read)

  • South Dakota: $25.51 an hour -  $53,050 a year
  • Iowa: $25.73 an hour -  $53,520 a year
  • West Virginia: $26.56 an hour -  $55,240 a year
  • Alabama: $26.86 an hour -  $55,870 a year
  • North Dakota: $26.94 an hour -  $56,030 a year

States with Most Nurses
(http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291141.htm)

  • California: 252,940
  • Texas: 190,090
  • New York: 169,820
  • Florida: 162,530
  • Pennsylvania: 124,750

Job Outlook

(http://www.bls.gov/ooh/Healthcare/Registered-nurses.htm#tab-6) "Employment of registered nurses is projected to grow 19 percent from 2012 to 2022, faster than the average for all occupations."  - BLS link above

Reasons for growth:

  • Aging population
  • Patient education
  • Increase in accessible healthcare
  • Insurance reforms

"Growth is also expected to be faster than average in outpatient care centers where patients do not stay overnight" – BLS link above

IMPORTANT "Generally, registered nurses with at least a bachelor’s degree in nursing (BSN) will have better job prospects than those without one." – BLS link above

Projected employment in 2022 (same link)

  • 3,238,400 registered nurses
  • 19% increase
  • 526,800 new jobs